Wednesday, April 11, 2007

"My Lord and my God!"

The following is Pope Benedict XVI's Easter homily:

Dear Brothers and Sisters throughout the world,Men and women of good will!

Christ is risen! Peace to you! Today we celebrate the great mystery, the foundation of Christian faith and hope: Jesus of Nazareth, the Crucified One, has risen from the dead on the third day according to the Scriptures. We listen today with renewed emotion to the announcement proclaimed by the angels on the dawn of the first day after the Sabbath, to Mary of Magdala and to the women at the sepulchre: “Why do you search among the dead for one who is alive? He is not here, he is risen!” (Lk 24:5-6).

It is not difficult to imagine the feelings of these women at that moment: feelings of sadness and dismay at the death of their Lord, feelings of disbelief and amazement before a fact too astonishing to be true. But the tomb was open and empty: the body was no longer there. Peter and John, having been informed of this by the women, ran to the sepulchre and found that they were right. The faith of the Apostles in Jesus, the expected Messiah, had been submitted to a severe trial by the scandal of the cross. At his arrest, his condemnation and death, they were dispersed. Now they are together again, perplexed and bewildered. But the Risen One himself comes in response to their thirst for greater certainty. This encounter was not a dream or an illusion or a subjective imagination; it was a real experience, even if unexpected, and all the more striking for that reason. “Jesus came and stood among them and said to them, ‘peace be with you!’” (Jn 20:19).

At these words their faith, which was almost spent within them, was re-kindled. The Apostles told Thomas who had been absent from that first extraordinary encounter: Yes, the Lord has fulfilled all that he foretold; he is truly risen and we have seen and touched him! Thomas however remained doubtful and perplexed. When Jesus came for a second time, eight days later in the Upper Room, he said to him: “put your finger here and see my hands; and put out your hand and place it in my side; do not be faithless, but believing!” The Apostle’s response is a moving profession of faith: “My Lord and my God!” (Jn 20:27-28).

“My Lord and my God!” We too renew that profession of faith of Thomas. I have chosen these words for my Easter greetings this year, because humanity today expects from Christians a renewed witness to the resurrection of Christ; it needs to encounter him and to know him as true God and true man. If we can recognize in this Apostle the doubts and uncertainties of so many Christians today, the fears and disappointments of many of our contemporaries, with him we can also rediscover with renewed conviction, faith in Christ dead and risen for us. This faith, handed down through the centuries by the successors of the Apostles, continues on because the Risen Lord dies no more. He lives in the Church and guides it firmly towards the fulfilment of his eternal design of salvation.

We may all be tempted by the disbelief of Thomas. Suffering, evil, injustice, death, especially when it strikes the innocent such as children who are victims of war and terrorism, of sickness and hunger, does not all of this put our faith to the test? Paradoxically the disbelief of Thomas is most valuable to us in these cases because it helps to purify all false concepts of God and leads us to discover his true face: the face of a God who, in Christ, has taken upon himself the wounds of injured humanity. Thomas has received from the Lord, and has in turn transmitted to the Church, the gift of a faith put to the test by the passion and death of Jesus and confirmed by meeting him risen. His faith was almost dead but was born again thanks to his touching the wounds of Christ, those wounds that the Risen One did not hide but showed, and continues to point out to us in the trials and sufferings of every human being.

“By his wounds you have been healed” (1 Pt 2:24). This is the message Peter addressed to the early converts. Those wounds that, in the beginning were an obstacle for Thomas’s faith, being a sign of Jesus’ apparent failure, those same wounds have become in his encounter with the Risen One, signs of a victorious love. These wounds that Christ has received for love of us help us to understand who God is and to repeat: “My Lord and my God!” Only a God who loves us to the extent of taking upon himself our wounds and our pain, especially innocent suffering, is worthy of faith.

How many wounds, how much suffering there is in the world! Natural calamities and human tragedies that cause innumerable victims and enormous material destruction are not lacking. My thoughts go to recent events in Madagascar, in the Solomon Islands, in Latin America and in other regions of the world. I am thinking of the scourge of hunger, of incurable diseases, of terrorism and kidnapping of people, of the thousand faces of violence which some people attempt to justify in the name of religion, of contempt for life, of the violation of human rights and the exploitation of persons. I look with apprehension at the conditions prevailing in several regions of Africa. In Darfur and in the neighbouring countries there is a catastrophic, and sadly to say underestimated, humanitarian situation. In Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo the violence and looting of the past weeks raises fears for the future of the Congolese democratic process and the reconstruction of the country. In Somalia the renewed fighting has driven away the prospect of peace and worsened a regional crisis, especially with regard to the displacement of populations and the traffic of arms. Zimbabwe is in the grip of a grievous crisis and for this reason the Bishops of that country in a recent document indicated prayer and a shared commitment for the common good as the only way forward.

Likewise the population of East Timor stands in need of reconciliation and peace as it prepares to hold important elections. Elsewhere too, peace is sorely needed: in Sri Lanka only a negotiated solution can put an end to the conflict that causes so much bloodshed; Afghanistan is marked by growing unrest and instability; In the Middle East, besides some signs of hope in the dialogue between Israel and the Palestinian authority, nothing positive comes from Iraq, torn apart by continual slaughter as the civil population flees. In Lebanon the paralysis of the country’s political institutions threatens the role that the country is called to play in the Middle East and puts its future seriously in jeopardy. Finally, I cannot forget the difficulties faced daily by the Christian communities and the exodus of Christians from that blessed Land which is the cradle of our faith. I affectionately renew to these populations the expression of my spiritual closeness.

Dear Brothers and sisters, through the wounds of the Risen Christ we can see the evils which afflict humanity with the eyes of hope. In fact, by his rising the Lord has not taken away suffering and evil from the world but has vanquished them at their roots by the superabundance of his grace. He has countered the arrogance of evil with the supremacy of his love. He has left us the love that does not fear death, as the way to peace and joy. “Even as I have loved you – he said to his disciples before his death – so you must also love one another” (cf. Jn 13:34).
Brothers and sisters in faith, who are listening to me from every part of the world! Christ is risen and he is alive among us. It is he who is the hope of a better future.

As we say with Thomas: “My Lord and my God!”, may we hear again in our hearts the beautiful yet demanding words of the Lord: “If any one serves me, he must follow me; and where I am, there shall my servant be also; if any one serves me, the Father will honour him” (Jn 12:26). United to him and ready to offer our lives for our brothers (cf. 1 Jn 3:16), let us become apostles of peace, messengers of a joy that does not fear pain – the joy of the Resurrection. May Mary, Mother of the Risen Christ, obtain for us this Easter gift. Happy Easter to you all.


At 6:25 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Why do we still, as a collective nation, believe we should try to triumph with force? Christ's death gave us the opportunity to put an end to violence. After he was betrayed, he returns to those who lost faith in him, and he doesn't punish or chastise them. Instead, he offers them yet another opportunity to redeem themselves in faith. As Christians, we have all been taught this, and yet, when someone-whether it be people of a different political persuation, people of a different faith and/or people of a different country, does something with which we disagree, based on results, we think it's okay to turn and attack. Why can't we all offer a small piece of what we were given by Christ to one another? The cost would be so much less is so many ways to offer aid rather than aggression. I pray everyday for peace and the safe return of our troops. I'm thankful for a pope who is continuously willing to speak to so many difficult issues so many would prefer not to.

At 6:48 PM, Anonymous a little late for Lent said...

I know Lent is over, but my friend and I had a disagreement over this on Good Friday, and I never did get an answer. What is the age the church requires fasting- I thought 7, since some are old enough then to have made their 1st Communion, but my friend said she was sure it was 13. Also, the subject came up about things given up for Lent being permitted on Sundays during Lent. I said no, my friend said yes.

At 7:08 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Take time to be holy, speak oft with thy Lord;
Abide in Him always, and feed on His Word.
Make friends of God's children, help those who are weak,
Forgetting in nothing His blessing to seek."

(William D. Longstaff)

At 7:50 PM, Blogger fran said...

For: "Late for Lent" -
From "Penitential Practices For Today's Catholics"

Catholics who are 18 years and older and in good health are bound until their 59th birthday by the obligation to fast on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

The Latin Church's requirement of abstinence binds Catholics after they have celebrated their 14th birthday, and it is practiced on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, and the Fridays during Lent.

As to your last question, regarding whether or not it is okay to permit, on Sundays in Lent,
those things given up, I am not exactly sure. In a post by Fr. Greg on 2/24 of this year, it says "And Sunday is never a day of fasting (not even during Lent.) It is the glorious Day of the Lord!"
Perhaps this sheds some light on the answer.

Now you are prepared for next Lent! :)

At 8:25 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Back to one of my favorite topics, Grace....
God gives us His grace to conquer sin. Until we conquer our sin we are justified, or "made right again" by the sacrifice of His blood. The Blood pays are "debts", so to speak, so we are free, and then Grace is given to us so we can continue to overcome sin. When we do sin, God does not remove Grace, because God's Grace will call us to know we've done wrong and ask for forgiveness. Is any of this right so far?

I ask because I've have been affected lately by many things that have not before. I don't mean bothered, but more aware of my who, what, where, when and why's. I feel constantly called to examine my conscience, almost like there's something there I'm not seeing. I'm not a very "deep in thought" kind of person, so I'm not used to looking at my life like this. How do I get the answers?

At 3:00 AM, Anonymous Markov said...

"Hail Lady, Holy Queen, Holy Mary Theotokos, who are the Virgin made church · and the one chosen 3 by the Most Holy Father of Heaven, whom He consecrated with His Most Holy Beloved (dilectio) Son and with the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete; · in whom there was and is all fullness of grace and every good. · Hail His Palace; Hail His Tabernacle; Hail His Home. · Hail His Vestment; Hail His Handmaid; Hail His Mother · and 4 hail all you holy virtues, which through the grace and illumination of the Holy Spirit are infused into the hearts of the faithful, so that from those unfaithful you make them faithful to God."

-St. Francis of Assisi

At 10:37 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I've heard the church referred to as a "she" and the european languages have catergorized it as feminine. If the head of the church is male, shouldn't the church referred to as male? It's a silly thing, and probably totally unimportant. I just was wondering.

At 10:57 AM, Anonymous Kat said...

The reason the church is termed "she" is from the biblical imagery of Christ as the bride groom and the church as the bride.


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