Monday, July 09, 2007

Latin Mass

The following are excerpts of a non-official English translation from Zenit of Pope Benedict’s apostolic letter, “Summorum Pontificum” which addresses the use of the 1962 Roman Missal (Mass in Latin) promulgated by Pope John XXIII. As we announced at the Masses this weekend, we will wait to hear directives from Archbishop Wuerl concerning the Holy Father’s letter. To view the full text, please click on the title of this post.

Following the insistent prayers of these faithful, long deliberated upon by our predecessor John Paul II, and after having listened to the views of the cardinal fathers of the consistory of 22 March 2006, having reflected deeply upon all aspects of the question, invoked the Holy Spirit and trusting in the help of God, with these apostolic letters we establish the following:

Art 1. The Roman Missal promulgated by Paul VI is the ordinary expression of the "Lex orandi" (Law of prayer) of the Catholic Church of the Latin rite. Nonetheless, the Roman Missal promulgated by St. Pius V and reissued by Blessed John XXIII is to be considered as an extraordinary expression of that same "Lex orandi," and must be given due honor for its venerable and ancient usage. These two expressions of the Church's "Lex orandi" will in no any way lead to a division in the Church's "Lex credendi" (Law of belief). They are, in fact two usages of the one Roman rite.It is, therefore, permissible to celebrate the Sacrifice of the Mass following the typical edition of the Roman Missal promulgated by Blessed John XXIII in 1962 and never abrogated, as an extraordinary form of the liturgy of the Church. The conditions for the use of this Missal as laid down by earlier documents "Quattuor Abhinc Annis" and "Ecclesia Dei," are substituted as follows:

Art. 2. In Masses celebrated without the people, each Catholic priest of the Latin rite, whether secular or regular, may use the Roman Missal published by Blessed Pope John XXIII in 1962, or the Roman Missal promulgated by Pope Paul VI in 1970, and may do so on any day with the exception of the Easter Triduum. For such celebrations, with either one Missal or the other, the priest has no need for permission from the Apostolic See or from his ordinary.

Art. 3. Communities of institutes of consecrated life and of societies of apostolic life, of either pontifical or diocesan right, wishing to celebrate Mass in accordance with the edition of the Roman Missal promulgated in 1962, for conventual or "community" celebration in their oratories, may do so. If an individual community or an entire institute or society wishes to undertake such celebrations often, habitually or permanently, the decision must be taken by the superiors major, in accordance with the law and following their own specific decrees and statues.

Art. 4. Celebrations of Mass as mentioned above in art. 2 may -- observing all the norms of law -- also be attended by faithful who, of their own free will, ask to be admitted.

Art. 5. §1 In parishes, where there is a stable group of faithful who adhere to the earlier liturgical tradition, the pastor should willingly accept their requests to celebrate the Mass according to the rite of the Roman Missal published in 1962, and ensure that the welfare of these faithful harmonizes with the ordinary pastoral care of the parish, under the guidance of the bishop in accordance with Canon 392, avoiding discord and favoring the unity of the whole Church.

§2 Celebration in accordance with the Missal of Blessed John XXIII may take place on working days; while on Sundays and feast days one such celebration may also be held.

§3 For faithful and priests who request it, the pastor should also allow celebrations in this extraordinary form for special circumstances such as marriages, funerals or occasional celebrations, i.e., pilgrimages.

§4 Priests who use the Missal of Blessed John XXIII must be qualified to do so and not juridically impeded.

§5 In churches that are not parish or conventual churches, it is the duty of the rector of the church to grant the above permission.

Art. 6. In Masses celebrated in the presence of the people in accordance with the Missal of Blessed John XXIII, the readings may be given in the vernacular, using editions recognized by the Apostolic See.

Art. 7. If a group of lay faithful, as mentioned in art. 5 §1, has not obtained satisfaction to their requests from the pastor, they should inform the diocesan bishop. The bishop is strongly requested to satisfy their wishes. If he cannot arrange for such celebration to take place, the matter should be referred to the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei.

Art. 8. A bishop who, desirous of satisfying such requests, but who for various reasons is unable to do so, may refer the problem to the Commission Ecclesia Dei to obtain counsel and assistance.

Art. 9.
§1 The pastor, having attentively examined all aspects, may also grant permission to use the earlier ritual for the administration of the sacraments of baptism, marriage, penance, and the anointing of the sick, if the good of souls would seem to require it.

§ 2 Ordinaries are given the right to celebrate the sacrament of confirmation using the earlier Roman Pontifical, if the good of souls would seem to require it.§ 2 Clerics ordained "in sacris constitutis" may use the Roman Breviary promulgated by Blessed John XXIII in 1962.

Art. 10. The ordinary of a particular place, if he feels it appropriate, may erect a personal parish in accordance with Canon 518 for celebrations following the ancient form of the Roman rite, or appoint a chaplain, while observing all the norms of law.

Art. 11. The Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, erected by John Paul II in 1988[5], continues to exercise its function. Said commission will have the form, duties and norms that the Roman Pontiff wishes to assign it.

Art. 12. This commission, apart from the powers it enjoys, will exercise the authority of the Holy See, supervising the observance and application of these dispositions.We order that everything We have established with these apostolic letters issued as "motu proprio" be considered as "established and decreed," and to be observed from Sept. 14 of this year, feast of the Exaltation of the Cross, whatever there may be to the contrary.


At 12:41 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Unrelated to today's Post: I read and reread the contest entries where people were supposed to give the excuses they most frequently give to Jesus. Almost all of them have to do with the individual's failures (not enough time, I have other goals, I want to have fun, I am too this or that). Could there be reasons that are external to us or bigger than us? True spirituality is so scarce these days, even for those who are genuinely trying to attain it. Where is God's grace? Are we being punished?

At 10:00 AM, Anonymous Marion (Mael Muire) said...

Related to the post:

Bishop Fulton Sheen recounts that an artist had been commissioned to paint a portrait of Pope John XXIII. It was customary in those days for the Holy Father to sign his portrait before it was put on public display. This portrait, though, wasn't very successful, and didn't resemble the Holy Father at all. So when he signed the portrait, the Pope included the words Jesus spoke in John 6:20: Noli timere. Ego sum.

(If you want to work out the Latin for yourself, it pays to know that timere is the word from which we derive timid which means, "easily made afraid" - so that's a giveaway. And, also, we say someone has quite an ego, also a Latin word with the original meaning of "I". . . )

Anyone who has ever worked in the fields of law or medicine, as well as allied fields - such as real estate, pharmacy, nursing, accounting, etc. will have picked up an extensive Latin vocubulary - perhaps without ever noticing it.

At 1:29 PM, Blogger fran said...

In regard to excuses that people make for not following Jesus, Anon 12:41 asks:
- "Could there be reasons that are external to us or bigger than us?"
- "Where is God's grace?"
- "Are we being punished?"

Of course we all know, that excuses are reasons or justifications that we all come up with to, usually, avoid doing something. In this instance it is the avoidance of doing something that Jesus asks of us, "Follow me."

God's grace is always there, and it is always being offered to us. He offers it to us when he says, "Follow me." It is each of us who freely chooses to turn away from that grace every time we come up with an excuse for not doing so. "I am tired, I have other goals, I want to have fun," I, I, I..... We have made it about us and not about Him. We have turned and walked away from His grace with our self-centered, flimsy excuses.

So, I do not think there are external reasons that are bigger than us, because IT IS US. We are our own worst enemy. God's grace is indeed everywhere. It is ours for the taking, but we reject it, walk away from it and excuse ourselves from it everytime we do not follow Him. And yes I believe we are are being punished, not by God, but by our very selves who knowingly, willingly and freely choose to deny ourselves of the grace He wants to bestow on us. "Follow me."

At 8:30 PM, Anonymous Marion (Mael Muire) said...

The last time you dropped a prescription off at the pharmacy, did you know you were handing in a note written partly in Latin? The next time you receive a written prescription from your doctor, please look at the writing below the name of the medicine, which will appear something like this:

"Sig: 1 tab po qid pc & hs."

This odd assortment of letters make up a standard, abbreviated form of the Latin words for "Label the container with these instructions: Take one tablet by mouth 4 times a day, after meals and at bedtime,"

(Fully written out, the Latin words are: Signa unum per os quater in die post cibum (et) hora somni.)

But it's not necessary to write it all out, since every doctor, nurse, and pharmacist anywhere in the world is familiar with these abbreviated Latin words, and will instantly recognize and understand exactly what they mean.

You never know when somebody in your everyday life is thinking and communicating in Latin!


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